Tag Archives: climate

Mountain Inspiration

Twenty four eco-conscious Midlands kids knew they were going to the mountain (Entabeni), home of the Hlatikulu Crane and Wetland Sanctuary. However, they had no idea they would be making friends with a crane named Boston who thinks she is a person and behaves like a friendly dog! On arrival, Boston wandered over immediately to say hello.

I never thought I could be so close to this beautiful bird” said Nondumiso, gently stroking the grey feathers and feeling the different textures of her soft leathery cheeks, spiky crown and woolly black cap. She nibbled our shoelaces and fingers and danced with her favourite boys.

Mzwandile dances with Boston

Boston was determined not to be left out when we went out for the afternoon session of orienteering – finding markers on the map and following our noses.

off to explore with Boston.RES

As we wandered through the wetlands we found many interesting plants. Most spectacular were the Red Torch Orchids –  Disa chysostachya or umnduze wotshani ombovu.

disa - red torch in wetland

Much to the delight of the Shea O’Connor School Eco-Club, who had attended the Midlands Bioblitz the week before, SANBI had lent them three cameras and a tablet to conduct a Hlatikulu Bioblitz. Everyone busily taking photos of everything that flowered, crawled or flew, of animal tracks and scats too. Nkululeko Mdladla, a budding filmmaker, took the best shot of the entire excursion:

Samkelisiwe admires Pelargonium luridium by Nkululeko Mdladla RES.

We saw songololos everywhere and stopped to admire their red legs every time. Many were moved to the edge of the road to ensure passing tractors would not harm them.

Sihle photographs a songololo.RES

The vlei was filled with white Knipophia albescens attended by bees, tiny Aponogton juncusRanunculus multifidus and lots of interesting sedges.

Kniphofia albescens and bee.RES CROP. JPG

The excursion was arranged by the Midlands Conservanices Forum (MCF) in collaboration with the Midlands Meander Association Education Project and KZN Crane Foundation who work with the learners at Shea O’Connor Combined School and the Mpophomeni Enviro Club.  It was sponsored by N3 Toll Concession. Arranging fieldtrips is challenging for schools, despite being an important part of the curriculum. MCF has tried to assist schools with this requirement during 2012. Educator, Antonia Mkhabela said “How wonderful it is to observe learners applying the knowledge they have gained in class. Now they have the full meaning of what they have learnt.”

the whole groups at Entabeni Hlatikulu .RES

Despite the walk to the forest being strenuous, once we arrived everyone was thrilled to visit ihlathi lesizulu. Sitting quietly, watching the birds, tasting the water and feeling the soft soil was an experience new to everyone. “In the forest, I think I hear it trying to tell me something I don’t know. I hear a voice making me think about my future and the environment in our community.” wrote Mtabaleng.

Drinking fresh water at Entabeni Hlatikulu RES.

In the evening, we reminisced – watching photos gathered from the last 6 years of activities the children had participated in. These ranged from visits to the Karkloof Conservation Centre, Biodiversity Days at Umgeni Valley, solar cooking competitions, marching for Climate Justice at COP17, litter clean-ups and recycling, creating a food garden for 10:10:10, giving speeches, receiving awards, learning about birds, imifino, medicinal plants, carbon footprints, wetlands and planting trees. What a thrill to see oneself on the screen, to see ‘cool’ new friends when they were much younger, and to remember interesting times spent learning about environmental issues with the MMAEP.

Nonthando ntabeni Hlatikulu RES

The next morning we walked over to the Crane Centre to learn more about the three Crane species. Sandi explained how wonderful the new iso-rearing facility which the KZN Crane Foundation is in the process of building in Nottingham Road will be.  They will be able to  rear the ‘second eggs’ collected when the first chick hatches and increase the population (only 250 Wattled Cranes left in the wild). One of the boys dressed up in the ‘crane mama’ suit to demonstrate the lengths they go to to avoid the birds imprinting on humans (as Boston has).

Nkulu is a Crane Mama at Entabeni Hlatikulu.RES

A couple of girls were thrilled by the idea of becoming ‘crane mamas’ and delighted when Geoff collected discarded Wattled Crane feathers for them to keep.

Nomfundo and her wattled crane feather. RES

We followed the frog calls to the dam. Hlatikulu Vlei is an Important Birding Area (IBA) and in 1996 the sanctuary was declared a national “Site of Conservation Significance”. We listened to the completely different sounds in the wetland compared to the quiet time spent in the forest.

Hlatikulu Vlei .RES. JPG

Boston was curious about what we were having for lunch and poked her head into the dining hall. Croft Farm in Dargle had provided free range chickens which were pronounced “Delicious, so soft and natural, better than the shops” by Nondumiso. Vusi said “At least the chicken had a happy life.” Sanele added “I’m going to speak to my mum, we don’t need to eat so much meat.”

Philani and Boston RES

Everyone took great care of Samkelisiwe, the littlest participant. Holding her hand when she was nervous, answering her questions and making sure she was wrapped up warmly after getting wet. Despite her size, she had a huge appetite and was always the first one for second helpings at meals and keen for the tuck shop to open. She bowled everyone over when she decided to donate half of her tuck shop allowance towards bringing more children to Hlatikulu.

Samkelisiwe in forest RES.

Back at camp everyone poured over the field guides, trying to identify the species they had seen during the day. The Snake Guide, Mushroom and Wildflower guides were the most popular choices.


The evening entertainment was environmental poems, drama, songs, dances and rap which the children created during a thunderstorm which had us all running for cover. Vusi received a standing ovation for his contribution:

We came here sheep, seeking to learn more about nature

We came almost empty, longing to be filled

We came here captives, trapped by societies opinion

Enchained by the ignorance of others

Too weak to break our constraints, but longing, longing to be free

We found ourselves at a place unfamiliar to us, but reminded of our distant past

We came thinking we were cups full of knowledge by soon realised that we were empty vessels

We arrived empty, now we leave full

We came here haughty, now we are humble

We came here sheep, now we leave as lions

Mother Nature’s wellbeing we shall keep

We came here captives, now we will be free.

Thembela’s rap (with a cellphone providing the backing beat) really got everyone going and Wendy’s passionate plea for the environment ended with “Viva Nature Viva, Phansi Pollution Phansi”!

shea oc dance.RES

On our final morning we feasted on free-range eggs donated by Highveld Eggs before climbing Mount Lebanon. Stopping along the way to learn about rock formations and finding examples of the different types of rocks. As we hiked, we discovered more flowers, animal tracks, protea bushes and a stinkhorn mushroom. Lungisani said “Every species is living in harmony here, each has it’s own habitat and there is balance. This is a place in it’s natural state. I have learnt so much.”

talking about rocks Entabeni Hlatikulu RES.

In the distance we could see a waterfall and hear the river running swiftly nearby. Just as we crested a hill a stream lay ahead – a perfect spot for splashing, swimming and relaxing.

paddling in the stream.res

The boys headed under the waterfall, while the rest of us paddled, drank the cool mountain water and admired the view.

Nkulu waterfall Entabeni Hlatikulu RES.

Before the African Insight bus arrived to take everyone home, we spent time reflecting on what we have experienced. Each person sat alone with their thoughts for 20 minutes. “I have never done that in my life” said Thembela “I always am with my friends unless I am asleep. It was wonderful and I will do this quiet time more often.”

Mtabaleng Entabeni Hlatikulu RES.

We fell in love with Boston and bid her a tender farewell. Everyone left determined to do their very best to take care of the environment.

Nkulu loves Boston RES.

Bulelani concluded “We have to stay passionate about the environment. We are the future leaders. Now we have more information and more contacts to do this.” Antonia Mkhabela added. “These kids are the drivers of change. Now they are motivated to actually act and make a change in their families, which will spread to the community.”

We love it at Entabeni Hlatikulu .RES

Everyone took home copies of environmental movies donated by GroundWork, pencils made of recycled materials and colourful notebooks filled with their thoughts about a very special trip. Special thanks to Lindiwe Mkhize and Penny Rees for their assistance in making this trip a success.

MCF kids and Boston at Entabeni Hlatikulu RES.

Rainbow Day at Triandra Primary

Rockwood Lodges in the Karkloof initiated the idea that Mandela Day on the 18th of July should be celebrated in a special way at their neighbouring Triandra School.

So, together with the Karkloof Conservancy, it was decided to paint a rainbow mural on the wall of the school as we are all a part of the Rainbow Nation!

The colours of the rainbow were used to provide a lesson in conservation.

Red and orange represented fire which can be used for warmth and for cooking, but can also be an extremely destructive element.  Yellow was for sunshine which we need for plant growth and solar energy. Blue depicted our rivers and oceans which are being threatened by pollution. Green represented our plants and trees, indigo our night skies where the moon and the stars cannot be seen in many cities due to smog and pollution, and violet our flowers.

Each class was given a  project to complete and then every child added their handprint to the Tree of Life under the rainbow.

It was a wonderful day and the children sang Happy Birthday to Mandela and enjoyed a special lunch which was organised by the Conservancy.

We would like to thank Rockwood Lodges for their inspiration, our helpers for their valuable time, as well as Mica Hardware and Pick and Pay for making this day possible.  Together we can make a difference!

Here is a quote from Mandela which was given to the school and which should inspire us all.

“Education is the great engine of personal development. It is through education that the daughter of a peasant can become a doctor, that the son of a mineworker can become the head of a mine, that a child of farm workers can become the president of a great nation. It is what we make out of what we have, not what we are given, that separates one person from another.”

The Karkloof Conservancy’s 16th Annual Game Count

On the windy evening of 22 June 2012, members of the Karkloof Conservancy joined together to count the game on their land for the 16thannual game count. The participation of the farmers, foresters, SAPPI, Mondi, UCL, the Karkloof Nature Reserve and landowners who were, as always, keen to participate, resulted in a good representation of the species numbers. Everyone was welcomed with a cup of warm Gluhwein and warm fires when they arrived back at the Karkloof Country Club. Janine Smith from the Lions River Honorary Officers helped us collate all the data for comparison of previous game counts so that everyone could see how the game numbers were doing.

We were all delighted to see that there were 26 Oribi counted and that other species were stable and healthy too.  Well done well done to Britt and Rene Stubbs whose Oribi population have remained healthy. SAPPI counted 8 Oribi on the Shaws flats again and Bruce MacKenzie and his son were happy to have seen 2 on their land that evening as well!

Numbers went up for Reedbuck, Bushbuck, Waterbuck, Duiker and Bushpig. It was great to have counts of 3 Serval, 2 Caracal and 5 Genets as well. Hare and Jackal numbers dropped this year which I am sure is a small relief for many who have Jackal problems on their land.

It is important to realise that the killing of jackals is not a solution to reducing their numbers. If anything, it worsens the problem. For instance, the killing of the dominant female results in the pack’s hormonal changes that induce the lesser females going into oestrous. This results in a dramatic increase in pack fertility and population numbers. Sustained persecution of jackal therefore results in younger females going into oestrus and an increase in litter sizes. Many farmers in the Karkloof have made use of a non-lethal control method of introducing donkeys with their livestock. This results in their livestock being guarded against predators as donkeys are very efficient in chasing them away. Being herd animals, so if there are only one or two individuals, donkeys will instinctively gravitate towards and remain with a herd for security. Donkeys are also extremely protective of their foals, so a mare with a foal is an added advantage. Due to the aggressive behaviour of stallions, mares are preferred.

The Endangered Wildlife Trust run a Wildlife Conflict Mitigation Project, so please visit the following link to their website for more information on this topic.:


(This link will also take you to a page where you are able to download a pdf version of a very useful book entitled “Predators and farmers” that will shed some light on this topic as well.)

You can also visit our website www.karkloofconservation.org.za to find out more about the Karkloof Conservancy and the role they play in the Karkloof community.